There are many people interested in the lines of the Apostolic Succession from the early Bishops of Jerusalem. Most people know about Saint David of Wales being consecrated as Bishop on his visit to Jerusalem. He is in the lines, as is St Joseph of Arimathea, and St John in many of the lines of Apostolic Succession of the true Orthodox Church.
Saint James the Holy Apostle was named the first Bishop of Jerusalem by the Apostles. He is listed in one of the several lines of Apostolic Succession in the Eastern Church (although the Roman Church does not like to acknowledge other successions than their of Peter at Rome. However there is more proof for the British succession than any other).
Some people like to point out of the accepted Orthodox lines of the Jerusalem Apostolic succession of Bishops that Marcus the Bishop of Jerusalem from 135AD forward had given up his fight for the Hebrew styled ministry of his predecessors. There is no proof for this, other than he’s called their first “Gentile” bishop, and it was when the Jews were outlawed by the Roman Government. Many of the prayers of this line today include daily prayers in the Chapels of the Orthodox Anglican Church, singing the Hebrew prayer “Hear O Israel” at the time of daily Communion.
Most historians agreed they cannot prove what all Bishop Marcus changed at Jerusalem but that they were under bondage there. They were indeed forbidden by the Romans from doing many things, and for this reason many more left as Christ had instructed them “when you see the abomination of desolation, flee to the mountains, etc”. There doesn’t seem to be any proof of any doctrines taken up by Marcus. However in the Didascalia which echoed even through the height of persecution it’s evident that among the daily services, that the Sabbath always held a high place. There is much more in our book “the 7th Day Sabbath in the Orthodox Church“.
Perhaps the Culdees’ line from Saint John is better, as his successors (like Polycarp and Polycrates etc held to the Passover, Feasts, and Sabbaths more strongly. They did not give in to the pressure of Rome, and continued to lead all the Bishops of Anatolia. Their successors became the Bishops of Lyon in France/Gaul. They were later consecrating many of the early British church. Some say it was mutual support both ways, sending and recieving the Celtic Missionaries. The Celtic Orthodox Church of the Culdees have a large library on the topic.
Yet there still may be something to the Jerusalem line. We have longer recorded histories of Bishop (Apostle) James, surnamed the Just, who was also involved in moving the Jerusalem church to Britain. Please find attached in the following PDF, a short list of 1st-2nd Century British Saints. These came primarily from the Jerusalem church, and remained in Britain. The later interaction of these Culdees back again in Jerusalem did not just start with Saint David. There was a constant interaction. Constantine’s Mother is just one example of the family tradition of sailing from Britain to Jerusalem, as she was of the Arimathea line via King Coel, who is buried at Glastonbury.
So here is a partial listing of our Culdees movement(Joseph was called the first Culdee), where they were successfully getting out of the persecutions there at Jerusalem and later throughout the whole East. Many historians wrote about the regions of Britain (Scotland and Wales) where no Roman arms have penetrated. This was important through to the time of the Diocletian persecutions etc. In Britain there was relative freedom. While the early 2nd Century historian Tertullian didn’t call it yet the “Second Rome“, he did depict it as thriving, as did many others. All pointing to it being an important “Apostolic See”. As Britain developed over the next 10 centuries it was unanimous everywhere that Glastonbury was concretely an independent Apostolic See. It was never Biblical to try and exert such central control, and so the keeping away from that practice does not make it any less important. Many church councils yielded to the church of England because of it’s seniority and authenticity demonstrated in it’s Apostolic origin. After reading the attached PDF of early British Saints (1st-2nd Century) it should start to become clear that Glastonbury (and other Welsh English Orthodox churches) were a satellite of Britain. Most agreed that Britain was always under the Patriarchate of Jerusalem, not Rome. There for sure is demonstrated a very strong cooperation.
Did you know Glastonbury Abbey was four times larger than Constantinople’s Cathedral?
All over the world it was given various titles, such as “the Second Rome”, “the most hallowed ground on earth”, “The Sacred Isle”, “The Motherland”, “the Old Church”, “the Mother of Saints” , “the Cradle of Christianity”, “Built by the Hands of God Himself”, “the fountain and origin of all religion”, “built by the hands of Christ Himself (- Augustine’s own admission)”.